Let me unpack a bit the NAME() selectors I have been using. A selector such as NAME(‘Tom’) takes as an argument the string ‘Tom’ and returns the name Tom.(Tom is being mentioned here, not used. The arguments surely have to be syntactic arguments.) A string comprises 0 or more written characters (henceforth just ‘characters’). A character is an abstract object: the character ‘e’, for example, can be instantiated by a blob of ink, a pencil mark, a set of pixels…. So a string is an abstract object comprising other abstract objects, and exists at one level-of-abstraction higher than they.
A string of characters is not itself a name, since a name can also be instantiated by a zero or more sounds. I say “0 or more” because I can imagine a language that uses the glottal stop as a name, whatever the merely practical difficulties might be in doing so. (A name that could never be pronounced by itself, but only within a stream of other sounds?)
(Perhaps — to jump back to characters for a moment — this language could write the name as ”. So a name could be instantiated by strings comprising 0 or more characters. )
(Perhaps — to jump back to sounds for a moment — if I tried hard enough I could turn a sound into an abstract object (perhaps one sound can be instantiated by any number of configurations of sound waves?), but I will not try this at the moment. )
Instantiated, as I was saying, by either strings or sounds, a name is an abstract object, one existing at one level of abstraction higher than the abstract object STRING, which itself is one level of abstraction higher than the abstract object CHARACTER. Not identical with either a sound or a string, a name is best represented not by, for example, ‘Tom’ or <<some sound>>, but by NAME(‘Tom’) or NAME(<<some representation of a string of sounds>>).
This, then, is why, when I am trying to be fully explicit, I refer to a name not as, e.g., ‘Tom’, but as NAME(‘Tom’).
Today’s homage to Plato’s SYMPOSIUM is Ashton Kutcher:
There is too much beauty in the world. How can one concentrate on anything at all with gods like this walking the earth?