The following, of course, is not yet developed.
“Where did you get that 99% probability from?” someone may object. “Did you pull it from your ass?” Well, I did stipulate it. But the general objection remains valid nonetheless: it would seem that there is no way to come up with an objective evaluation of what the probability actually is unless it is 0 or 100%, these figures being based on the physical laws of the universe or the laws of probability. Deal with this. See if Dretske’s discussion of this works.
Inductive: probability of less than 100% but greater than 0. Deductive (or what supports deduction): conditional probability is 100%. Absolute reliability, absolute safety. What makes the transmission a case of information is also what makes it something supporting deduction.
IF p THEN p — either a complete lack of transmission of information or the exact opposite — a complete surfeit of “transmission” (quote unquote) at the “zero point”.
Update: 09/08/2018: Graying this out because it is too revealing of my vast ignorance of subjective vs. objective probability.